Recent Cases

The Right to Same-Sex Marriage… And Divorce

Even as I sit down at my keyboard today, writing this seems counterintuitive to that which the attorneys of Michigan’s Nessel & Kessel Law, and their clients are traveling to the nation’s capital next week to argue, but the more I think, and the more I type, the more I realize the issues are one, and the same.

For years same-sex couples and activists have fought a system stacked ever-so-clearly in favor of heterosexual couples for the right to marry — and the right to divorce.

Considering same-sex divorce

The D-word. It’s not a word any couple wants to think about considering. But it happens. Same-sex couples love the same as straight couples; they cohabitate the same; they fight the same; and sometimes, they seek same-sex divorce.

Just as marriage equality is poised to sweep the whole of the nation once and for all, same-sex divorce is poised to boom. And that’s no surprise, for the simple fact of the matter that more couples are eligible to be married, and so more are eligible to be divorced.

A recent study done by the Williams Institute at UCLA found that out of the 640,000 total same-sex couples in the United States, 50,000 of those couples married in 2011.

Imagine that number today, four years later.

What the Williams Institute also found was that, in states where it was allowed, the marriage rate among homosexual couples was rising quickly toward that of heterosexual couples (e.g., In Massachusetts, in 2011, 68 percent of gay couples were married, compared to 91 percent of heterosexual couples).

Durability and longevity of same-sex marriage

Some have argued: But the evidence shows that same-sex marriages are more durable, and last longer than straight marriages! Well, yes. For now.

While what Williams Institute researchers found backs up this claim (About one percent of gay marriages dissolve each year, while that number is double for straight couples.), that just can’t last. People are fickle, and fight; people cheat, and they lie. People get married, and stay married for all the wrong reasons.

Love is love, no matter the sex of the lovers.

But just as true is this:

Irreconcilable differences are irreconcilable, no matter the sex of the couple.

That is why, just as heartily as we will argue for same-sex couples’ right to wed, we will open the doors to our office in Ann Arbor, Michigan for couples seeking a same-sex divorce.

Chris Kessel, PPO Attorney Convinces Judge to Terminate PPO

In a hearing at Third Circuit Court in the City of Detroit, attorney Chris Kessel was able to convince a judge to terminate a PPO in place against his client.  The PPO (Personal Protection Order) was ordered ex parte, meaning at the time the PPO was ordered the client had no chance to contest the allegations.  The Petitioner claimed that the  PPO was necessary because the Respondent (our client) had sexually assaulted her.  Standing alone, the allegations certainly warranted the issuance of the PPO, however, the allegations would have to stand up to cross examination by attorney Chris Kessel. 

Chris Kessel, after discussing the matter with his client, immediately filed a motion to terminate the PPO.  A hearing was scheduled where the Petitioner would be forced to defend her story under cross examination.  Chris confronted the Petitioner with dozens of text messages sent between the Petitioner and her ex-boyfriend, where she attempted to explain the details of the sexual assault.  Unfortunately for the Petitioner, she was unable to explain why her allegations changed (i.e. got worse) as the conversation progressed.  The Petitioner was also forced to confront the fact that she appeared more upset that her ex-boyfriend did not believe her story, as opposed to being more upset about being sexually assaulted.  Most importantly, Chris Kessel was able to establish that the Petitioner had never had any kind of problem with the Client before the allege incident and had no problems with him since.  This final fact was incredibly important…and here’s why. 

Upon her ruling, the judge commented that even if she had believed the Petitioner’s story, she would still have to deny the issuance of the PPO.  The judge went on to say that a PPO is put in place to prevent harassing behavior that has taken place and may continue to take place, not to simply protect the “alleged” victim of a crime.  Because Chris Kessel had walked the Petitioner into admitting that she had never had a prior problem with the Client, nor had she since the alleged assault, there was no basis to show that there was any harassment behavior that had take place, or would likely take place in the future.  And with that, the PPO was terminated. 

The Nessel and Kessel Approach

At Nessel and Kessel Law, we have extensive experience defending our client against the ordering of a PPO.  Our approach includes getting a detailed history of the relationship between the petitioner and respondent as well as speaking with any necessary witnesses or other parties with crucial information.  We will also gather phone records, emails, and any other documents that will help prove that you have not been engaged in any of the prohibited activities as outlined by the law. 

At the hearing, the court will allow both sides to present their case, which includes allowing the attorneys to question the parties.  Depending on the facts and their presentation, the court will also engage in its own cross-examination of the parties involved.  The court’s questions will almost certainly be aimed at issues raised by the questioning of the lawyers.   

Often times a petitioner will want a PPO issued simply because they are mad at someone, because they don’t want the respondent to have access to mutual children, or because there is a pending divorce and they want to use the legal system to their advantage.  Whatever the reason, it’s important to remember that a PPO is a court order, the violation of which can result in jail time.  A PPO may seem “routine”, but it is an incredibly serious matter that can interfere with school, work, and other activities.  If you have been served with a PPO, you need experienced attorneys who can show the court that the petitioner’s allegations are false.  Contact Nessel and Kessel Law today for a free consultation. 

Local College Student’s Nightmare Ends.

In November of 2014, Nessel and Kessel Law began our representation of a local college student who felt he was being targeted because of his homosexuality.  Briefly, the facts of the case are as follows; the week before the incident in question Mr. McMurray had been assaulted by a number of other students.  After the assault, Mr. McMurray called the police and made a report.  Several days after making the report Mr. McMurray was confronted by the complaining witness in this case.  The complainant showed up, unannounced, at Mr. McMurray’s dorm room and an altercation ensued.    Here is a link to the previous blog post on the case. 

Our client was charged with Assault by Strangulation, a felony charge with a maximum punishment of up to 10 years in prison.  For any of us, especially a young man, just starting college with a spotless record, this charge would cause an incredible amount of nervousness and anxiety.  After being charged, our client was suspended from school, expelled from school, faced harassment (both in person and in social media), all while being terrified of being sentenced to prison. 

Thankfully, after months of negotiations, we at Nessel and Kessel Law are happy to report that this case has come to a conclusion.  The felony charge was dismissed, in exchanged for a plea to a very low-level misdemeanor.  But more importantly, the client will have the conviction suppressed his record completely clean after completing a brief term of probation.  It is important to note that this resolution could not have been reached without the cooperation and assistance of the very hard working and fair minded prosecutor who was handling the case.  Equally important is the idea that the Wayne County Prosecutor’s Office is open to the understanding of the plight of members of the LGBT community. 

At Nessel and Kessel Law, we are intensely committed to the protection of the rights of members of the LGBT community.  Will have never, nor will we ever, shy away from a fight involving the defense of those who are being discriminated against because of their sexual orientation or gender identity.  Currently we are in the middle of a fight over the constitutionality of Michigan’s ban on same-sex marriage.  But denial of the right to marry is not the only way in which LGBT rights are being denied and is not the only way in which member of that community are being discriminated against.  Thankfully, we at Nessel and Kessel Law are committed to fight for the rights of all members of the LGBT community.



The OWI Trial and the Not Guilty Verdict

If you ask any criminal defense attorney, they will tell you that OWI (Operating While Intoxicated) charges are some of the toughest to beat.  The witnesses are, almost always, police officers.  The physical evidence is often scientific in nature; i.e. blood tests or BAC measurements that were conducted by machines.  And generally, people detest people who drive drunk.  Yet despite all that, in the district court for the city of Highland Park, Chris Kessel was able to achieve a not guilty verdict in a trial where he fought against police officer testimony and scientific evidence. 

Our client was stopped by a member of the Highland Park Police Department at approximately 1:30am.  Based on the stop, the client was charged with OWI and Possessing a Firearm while Intoxicated.  The latter charge, if convicted, carried a punishment involving forever losing the client’s CPL.  

According to the officer, the client had run a red light, almost lost control of the vehicle, almost hit the officer, attempted to evade the  officer, run a stop sign, and had parked his car on the sidewalk…all in that order.  The officer then claimed that our client had glassy eyes, slurred speech, that he had failed several field sobriety tests.  All of these claims were made by the officer in his police report and during his testimony at trial.  The officer also testified that, upon reaching the police station, the client blew a .11 into the DataMaster.  The legal limit in Michigan is .08. 

However, like most officers, he did not count of having to defend his claims in open court, against the scrutiny of intense cross examination, and in front of a panel of jurors. 

During cross examination, Chris Kessel asked why the officer did not activate his emergency lights after the client ran a red light and almost hit the officer.  The officer had no explanation.  Chris then asked why did the officer not activate his lights when the client began to try and evade the officer.  Again, the officer had no explanation.  Chris then asked why the officer did not activate his lights after the client ran a stop sign.  You guessed it, the officer had no explanation.  Making matters worse for the officer was that he did not know that the client had a surveillance camera outside his house, showing that the client parked on the street and did so on his own, without being stopped by the officer.  When confronted with the video, the officer began to panic.  When asked by Chris why he would say the client parked on the sidewalk when he clearly parked on the curb, the officer replied “I’m from Trinidad and Tobago.  The words ‘sidewalk’ and ‘curb’ are interchangeable.”  The final question asked was “if those two words are interchangeable, why, in your report, did you say my client moved from the curb to the sidewalk…?”  The silence following the question seemed to last minutes.  The officer had no answer. 

In his closing, Chris Kessel argued to the jury that if there were 7 distinct points in the officer’s story that either defied common sense or could be proven as lies, how could you prove “beyond a reasonable doubt” that the same officer correctly and honestly operated the DataMaster. 

After less than 20 minutes, the jury came back with  a not guilty verdict. 

The art of cross examination is one that is finely crafted over years and years, and after conducting many, many jury trials. When you retain the law firm of Nessel and Kessel Law, you are ensuring yourself of representation of the highest caliber.  The criminal defense attorneys and Nessel and Kessel Law have the experience and knowledge to make sure your rights are protected.  Especially  in a case where it is your word against that of the police, you need an attorney who can ask the right questions and get the right answers.  Don’t be fooled into thinking any attorney can handle your case because they have some experience in the realm of criminal defense law.  The ability to execute a thorough and effective cross-examination takes years of practice to perfect.  When you retain a criminal defense attorney at Nessel and Kessel Law, you get an attorney who knows exactly how to get what the want from an adversarial witness. 



Gay Marriage to be Heard by the Supreme Court?

Issue of Same Sex Marriage Headed to D.C….We Hope.

As most of you have heard by now, the trial court’s ruling in our marriage equality case, DeBoer v Snyder, was overturned by the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals.  The original opinion of the trial court, written by Judge Bernard Friedman, held that Michigan’s ban on same sex marriage was violative of the 14th Amendment’s equal protection clause.  Predictably, Attorney General Bill Schuette, appealed the decision to the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals. 

Oral argument was heard on August 6, 2014, in our case and several other cases from different states.  All of the cases from the various states surrounded the issue of same sex marriage.  The court, which was comprised of 3 different judges, listened to argument from all sides on all cases.  After waiting almost 3 months, the 3 judge panel issued it’s opinion…which was the ruling of Judge Friedman would be overturned.  In his opinion, Judge Jeffery Sutton, a Bush II appointee, wrote (in part) that it was not the place of the court to override the will of the electorate.  In a blistering dissent (which of course we enjoyed), Judge Martha Daughtrey, a Clinton appointee, wrote that because the right decision was “so obvious” she thought perhaps the majority reached its opinion solely to create a split among the circuit courts that had tackled the question.  For those of you who missed it, Judge Daughtrey was the judge who threw her pen down in disgust as one attorney tried to explain why same sex marriages would discourage other married couples from having children. 

Because of the decision of the 6th Circuit, Dana Nessel and the other attorneys have filed a petition for certiorari with the Supreme Court.  The question presented is simple: whether a state violates the 14th Amendment by denying same-sex couples the right to marry.  Our best guess is that the Supreme Court will inform the parties whether or not it will take the case in early January 2015. 

Here are several links to the story from a variety of news outlets.

The Washington Post

The Detroit News

Huffington Post

Local 4 WDIV

Fox News

Local Student Charged With Assault by Strangulation

A local college student was charged with Assault by Strangulation after an altercation that took place in his dorm room.  DeMario McMurray, a freshman at Wayne State University, faces up to 10 years in prison because of the charges.  Mr. McMurray, who may have been targeted because of his homosexuality, is now represented by the criminal defense firm of Nessel and Kessel Law.

What is undisputed is that the week before the incident in question Mr. McMurray had been assaulted by a number of other students.  After the assault, Mr. McMurray called the police and made a report.  Several days after making the report Mr. McMurray was confronted by the complaining witness in this case.  The complainant showed up, unannounced, at Mr. McMurray’s dorm room and an altercation ensued.

At the preliminary exam, held in the 36th District Court, the complaining witness faced a vigorous cross examination by Chris Kessel, one of the criminal defense attorneys representing Mr. McMurray.  She testified that she wanted to confront Mr. McMurray about his police report, which involved a friend of hers.  She testified that she heard Mr. McMurray on the phone with the police when she began banging on his door.  The witness claims that she was let into the room, only to have Mr. McMurray begin strangling her for no apparent reason.  When Mr. Kessel began to press her for details, she was unable to describe several key pieces of information surrounding the event.  At one point, clearly frustrated, the witness actually cursed at Mr. Kessel.

A police officer was also called to testify at the exam.  Upon being questioned by Dana Nessel, the officer was forced to admit that no investigation was done into the actions of the complaining witness; who is appears committed multiple felonies herself (those being home invasion, breaking and entering, and interfering with the filing of a police report).  It seemed that despite the witness’s actions, the police and the university determined that only Mr. McMurray was to blame.

As a result of the incident Mr. McMurray was expelled from Wayne State University.  No action was taken with respect to the complaining witness…until the story reached the media, at which time the complaining witness was suspended.

Despite the inconsistencies in the complainant’s story, the case was bound over for trial.

Felony Firearm Dismissed

Defense Attorney Chris Kessel Helps Client Avoid Mandatory Prison Time

At the Frank Murphy Hall of Justice a client stood in tears as the judge passed his sentence.  However, unlike in most cases, these were tears of joy.  The client had been charged with, among other things, one count of felony firearm.  This charge carries with it a mandatory term of 2 years in the Michigan Department of Corrections…aka prison.   Instead of accepting a sentence involving prison, or even jail, the client was sentenced to a term of probation.  Criminal defense attorney Chris Kessel was able to negotiate this resolution after receiving special consideration from the prosecutor’s Gun Board. 

The case arose from a dispute involving the client and some of his neighbors who had been harassing him.  On this particular instance, the client feared that he would be the victim of an assault, so he showed the neighbor his gun.  It was these actions that lead to the client being charged with felony firearm and felonious assault. 


The Gun Board is a special group of prosecutors whose job is to specifically review cases in which weapons charges are involved.  It is the rare case in which the Board takes actions.  That is exactly why you need an experienced and knowledgeable criminal defense attorney handling your case.  At Nessel and Kessel Law, we know what information the Gun Board wants to see when considering whether or not to remove weapons charges.  If you or a friend or family member has been charged with a weapons related felony, contact the attorneys at Nessel and Kessel Law for a free consultation today.   

Drug Charged Dismissed

Criminal Defense Attorney Gets Case Dismissed

After a prolonged legal battle, all charges related to an April 2014 raid were dismissed against a client of Nessel & Kessel Law.  Charged with felony firearm, possession with intent to deliver marijuana, and felon in possession of a firearm, our client was facing up to 7 years in the Michigan Department of Corrections.  After weeks of negotiations and conversations with the prosecutor’s officer, criminal defense attorney Chris Kessel was able to convince the office to dismiss the charges against his client. 

In June of this year the preliminary exam was held in this case, by criminal defense attorney Dana Nessel.  During the exam it was revealed that a number of officers that were part of the raid crew had failed to follow evidence gathering protocol.  Quite frankly, the previous sentence is a gross understatement.  The officers testified that they collected evidence at the scene of the raid with plastic bags that were found in the home, handled multiple pieces of evidence without preserving them for fingerprints, and failed to properly tag several pieces of evidence.  Then, weeks after the exam it was revealed that the narcotics unit in the DPD was being “restructured” (aka disbanded). 

During the weeks of discussions between Mr. Kessel and the prosecutor, it came to light that a number of the officers that were scheduled to testify had been indefinitely suspended by the Detroit Police Department.  Then, after a phone call with the prosecutor handling the case, it was determined that the case would be dismissed.  The following day in the Third Circuit Court, before Judge Bill, the case was formally dismissed. 


Not Guilty Verdict for Detroit Criminal Defense Attorney

Chris Kessel secures another NG verdict for his client

The client reacted with tears of joy when the jury read back its verdict; “not guilty of the offense of felony firearm, not guilty of the offense of felon in possession of a firearm.” It was a well-earned victory for the client and criminal defense attorney, Chris Kessel. Had the verdict gone the other way, the client was facing a minimum of 2 years in prison.

The case, heard at the Third Circuit Court, stemmed from a complaint received by the Detroit Police, that a man had been firing a shotgun in front of a house in the early morning hours. When the police arrived on the scene they met the client, who was seen exiting a home. When questioned by the police, the client said he had no knowledge of a gun being fired in the area. What happened after that differs depending on whose story you believe. Thankfully the jury did not believe the officers.

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Not Guilty Verdict for Dana Nessel

Criminal defense attorney scores another Not Guilty

A sigh of relief was heard in Frank Murphy as criminal defense attorney Dana Nessel earned another not guilty verdict for her client last week.  The client was charged with felonious assault and felony firearm.  The felony firearm count carried a mandatory 2 year prison term.  The felonious assault charge carried a maximum of 4 years in prison, though it is likely that the client would have received probation.  The case was based solely upon the testimony of two security guards who worked at a local venue in the city of Detroit.  Not only did the verdict mean that a mandatory prison sentence was avoided, but it paved the way for possible civil litigation against the venue.

The case came about as a result of a confrontation in downtown Detroit in January of 2014.  Dana Nessel’s client was driving his vehicle down Woodward Ave., when the vehicle was struck with snow from a snow blower that was being operated in front of the local venue.  The operator of the snow blower actually struck the client’s vehicle again when he (the client) slowed down.  Eventually, the client got out of the car the confront the man (the complaining witness) about his having blasted the client’s car with snow.  Words were exchanged, followed by the appearance of another man who worked at the venue.  A physical altercation nearly ensued, but the confrontation ended when both the client and the second man (the second complaining witness) pulled their firearms.  After the client left the scene, he called the police.  However, he was forced to call the police several times until he realized that no one from the Detroit Police Department would take any action.  Unfortunately, the complaining witness also called the police, leading ultimately to the client’s arrest.  Thankfully the client’s next call was to the Michigan criminal defense attorneys at Nessel and Kessel Law.

Continue reading “Not Guilty Verdict for Dana Nessel” »